In the wake of ‘Black Panther’ star Chadwick Boseman’s death from colon cancer at age 43, we would like to emphasize the importance of being screened for colon cancer, especially if you are aged 45 and above or have a family history of colorectal cancer.
Colon Cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States for men and women combined, and cases have been rising by about 2 percent annually in recent years in people under 50, according to a recent report by the American Cancer Society. Although the majority of cases are found in older people, young onset colon cancer has increased in recent years. Experts aren’t sure exactly why. For some patients, obesity, diabetes, smoking or a family history of cancer may play a role, but not all people who develop colorectal cancer have these risk factors.
Among people over 65, rates of colorectal cancer, which includes tumors in the rectum or the colon, have actually been declining, probably due to the uptick of more regular screening. However, experts are seeing an 86 percent decrease in colon cancer screenings due to COVID-19, which will inevitably have a negative impact on life expectancy for those with the disease.The American Cancer Society advocates that everybody should begin getting screenings at age 45, but people with a family history of colon cancer should start getting tested at age 40, or at 10 years younger than the age at which their family member was diagnosed, whichever is sooner.
Colonoscopy is the only procedure that can detect and prevent colon cancer. Some are turning to Cologuard or other at-home colon cancer screening tests, which do have a miss rate of 8 percent and may produce false positives, in which a colonoscopy will still need to be performed to remove the polyps. Many people assume that health insurance will cover both the at-home colon cancer screening test and any subsequent colonoscopy needed if a positive result arises, but that’s not the case. Health insurance will either cover the at-home test or a colonoscopy. If the person who chooses an at-home test receives a positive result, they will need a diagnostic colonoscopy, which will not be covered by their plan since they chose the at-home test as their original screening choice. Thus, bypassing the at-home test and scheduling a colonoscopy is the best way to save time, money and prevent colon cancer.
Younger people have a 94 percent five-year survival rate for early-stage disease. For people with late stages of the disease, the survival rate can be as low as 20 percent Early diagnosis, is the difference between life and death. Boseman learned in 2016 that he had Stage 3 colon cancer, according to an Instagram post announcing his death. Experts say patients with Stage 3 have an approximate 60 to 80 percent survival rate, depending on a number of factors, including whether the cancer is responsive to chemotherapy.
Rates of colorectal cancer are higher among Black communities. From 2012 to 2016, the rate of new cases in non-Hispanic Black people was 45.7 per 100,000, about 20 percent higher than the rate among non-Hispanic white people and 50 percent higher than the rate among Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders. Alaska Natives had the highest rate: 89 per 100,000.
Colon Cancer Symptoms:
- bloody stool or bleeding from the rectum
- constipation, diarrhea or a change in bowel habits
- dark sticky feces
- feeling anemic
- abdominal pain or cramps
- nausea or vomiting
- unexplained weight loss
Whether you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, please call us and schedule a colonoscopy if you are aged 45 or older or meet any of the aforementioned risk factors. It could mean the difference between life or death.